Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Vet Res. 1991 May;52(5):675-7.

Changes in phospholipids of alveolar lining material in calves after aerosol exposure to bovine herpesvirus-1 or parainfluenza-3 virus.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames 50011.

Abstract

Pulmonary lavage samples were collected from 90- to 130-day-old calves before and 6 days after aerosol inoculation with bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) or parainfluenza-3 (PI3) virus. Alveolar lining material was separated from lavage fluids by high-speed centrifugation and phospholipids were extracted from alveolar lining material and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine were 74.2 +/- 6.5% and 13.3 +/- 2.8%, respectively, of the total phospholipid content in the surfactant obtained from calves before virus inoculation. Other phospholipids were represented by substantially lower percentages. Infection with either of the 2 viruses caused a significant (P less than or equal to 0.05) decrease in the percentage of phosphatidylcholine to 66.0 +/- 8.0% and 65.1 +/- 10.8% in the calves inoculated with BHV-1 and PI3 virus, respectively. A significant (P less than or equal to 0.05) increase in the percentage of phosphatidylethanolamine to 18.1 +/- 2.2% and 17.8 +/- 4.5% developed in calves inoculated with BHV-1 and PI3 virus, respectively. Infection with BHV-1 also induced an increase (not significant) in the percentage of phosphatidylinositol from 5.5 +/- 2.8% to 7.8 +/- 2.2%. A similar, but not significant, increase in the percentage of phosphatidylinositol was also seen in the calves inoculated with PI3 virus. Less substantial changes in the percentage of other phospholipids were detected after virus infection.

PMID:
1649560
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk