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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Feb 23;110(7):3061-5.

Electron spin resonance spin-trapping detection of radical intermediates in N-doped TiO2-assisted photodegradation of 4-chlorophenol.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.


The electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trapping technique using 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide as the spin-trap reagent has been applied to detect free radical intermediates generated during in situ ultraviolet or visible irradiation of aqueous 4-chlorphenol (4-CP)/N-doped TiO(2) suspensions. ESR measurements gave the first direct evidence that the active species ((*)OH and O(2*-)) are responsible for the photodecomposition of 4-CP over N-doped TiO(2) under visible-light irradiation, strongly suggesting that the photocatalytic reaction of organic compounds in powdered N-doped TiO(2) systems proceed via surface intermediates of oxygen reduction or water oxidation, not via direct reaction with holes trapped at the N-induced midgap level. These results have important implications for the evaluation of the oxidative powder of TiO(2-x)N(x) catalysts.

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