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J Immunol. 2006 Mar 1;176(5):2833-43.

Quantitative analysis of phosphotyrosine signaling networks triggered by CD3 and CD28 costimulation in Jurkat cells.

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  • 1Biological Engineering Division, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.


The mechanism by which stimulation of coreceptors such as CD28 contributes to full activation of TCR signaling pathways has been intensively studied, yet quantitative measurement of costimulation effects on functional TCR signaling networks has been lacking. In this study, phosphotyrosine networks triggered by CD3, CD28, or CD3 and CD28 costimulation were analyzed by site-specific quantitative phosphoproteomics, resulting in identification of 101 tyrosine and 3 threonine phosphorylation sites and quantification of 87 sites across four cell states. As expected, CD3 stimulation induced phosphorylation of CD3 chains and upstream components of TCR pathways such as Zap70, while CD28 stimulation induced phosphorylation of CD28, Vav-1, and other adaptor proteins including downstream of tyrosine kinase 1, Grb2-associated protein 2 (Grap2), and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein. CD3 and CD28 costimulation induced a complex response including decreased threonine phosphorylation in the ERK1 and ERK2 activation loops and increased phosphorylation of selected tyrosine sites on ERK1/2, p38, phospholipase C-gamma, Src homology 2 domain-containing transforming protein 1, Grap2, and Vav-1, potentiating T cell activation. Hierarchical clustering and self-organizing maps were used to identify modules of coregulated phosphorylation sites within the network. Quantitative information in our study suggests quantitative and qualitative contribution by costimulation of CD28 on CD3-stimulated TCR signaling networks via enhanced phosphorylation of phospholipase C-gamma/Src homology 2 domain-containing transforming protein 1/Grap2/Vav-1 and their effects on downstream components including MAPKs.

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