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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Jan 20;96(2):023902. Epub 2006 Jan 18.

Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media.

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  • 1Photonics Research Group, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, B47ET, United Kingdom.

Abstract

By transforming the optical fiber span into an ultralong cavity laser, we experimentally demonstrate quasilossless transmission over long (up to 75 km) distances and virtually zero signal power variation over shorter (up to 20 km) spans, opening the way for the practical implementation of integrable nonlinear systems in optical fiber. As a by-product of our technique, the longest ever laser (to the best of our knowledge) has been implemented, with a cavity length of 75 km. A simple theory of the lossless fiber span, in excellent agreement with the observed results, is presented.

PMID:
16486576
[PubMed]
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