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Gastroenterology. 2006 Feb;130(2):349-58.

Involvement of the anion exchanger SLC26A6 in prostaglandin E2- but not forskolin-stimulated duodenal HCO3- secretion.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hannover Medical School, Germany.



SLC26A6 is a recently identified apical Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger with strong expression in murine duodenum. The present study was designed to examine the role of SLC26A6 in prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-, forskolin-, and carbachol-induced duodenal HCO(3)(-) secretion.


Murine duodenal mucosal HCO(3)(-) secretion was examined in vitro in Ussing chambers and mucosal SLC26A6 expression levels were analyzed by semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.


Basal HCO(3)(-) secretion was diminished by 20%, PGE(2)-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretory response by 59%, and carbachol-stimulated response was reduced by 35% in SLC26A6-/- compared with +/+ duodenal mucosa, whereas the forskolin-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretory response was not different. In Cl(-)-free solutions, PGE(2)- and carbachol-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretion was reduced by 81% and 44%, respectively, whereas forskolin-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretion was not altered significantly. PGE(2) and carbachol, but not forskolin, were able to elicit a Cl(-)-dependent HCO(3)(-) secretory response in the absence of short-circuit current changes in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator knockout mice.


In murine duodenum, PGE(2)-mediated HCO(3)(-) secretion is strongly SLC26A6 dependent and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator independent, whereas forskolin-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretion is completely SLC26A6 independent and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator dependent. Carbachol-induced secretion is less pronounced, but occurs via both transport pathways. This suggests that PGE(2) and forskolin activate distinct HCO(3)(-) transport pathways in the murine duodenum.

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