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[A study on the sero-epidemiology of hepatitis B in Chinese population aged over 3-years old].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To better understand and measure the impact from immunization activities over the last 10-years, we conducted a sero-epidemiological study using the remaining blood samples of a nationwide survey on Nutrition and Health in Chinese residents, in 2002.

METHODS:

HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc in blood samples were tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) reagents and revised by solid phase radioimmunoassay and Abbott ELISA reagents.

RESULTS:

Among population older than 3 years, the prevalence rates of HBsAg, anti-HBs and hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection were 9.09%, 37.48% and 50.04% but for children between 3 and 12 year olds, they were 5.03%, 45.33% and 29.10% respectively. Among population older than 3 years, the rates of HBsAg and HBV infection in urban area were 4.61% and 43.51%, but the rates in rural area were 9.41% and 56.77% respectively while for children from 3-years to 12-years old, they rates were 2.10%, 20.45% in urban area and 8.25%, 39.22% in rural areas, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Results revealed that since the hepatitis B vaccine was introduced into the expanded program on immunization(EPI) from 1992, the prevalence rates of HBsAg and HBV infection, especially in the children from 3 to 12 years of age, had obviously declined, suggesting that some changes had happened in the epidemic characters of hepatitis B in China.

PMID:
16471211
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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