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Oncol Nurs Forum. 2006 Jan 1;33(1):113-9.

Factors affecting mammography behavior and intention among Korean women.

Author information

  • 1College of Nursing at Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. okkyung@mail.knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:

To understand factors that influence the mammography experience and intention to receive mammography among Korean women using the Health Belief Model and subjective norm of the Theory of Reasoned Action.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Two university hospitals and one general hospital in Korea.

SAMPLE:

A convenience sample of 310 women aged 30 years and older who visited participating hospitals during the data collection period.

METHODS:

Self-administered questionnaire.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

Perceived susceptibility and severity, perceived benefits and barriers, self-efficacy, normative beliefs, and motivation to comply.

FINDINGS:

Age, self-efficacy, and perceived susceptibility were significantly associated with participants' mammography experience, whereas knowledge, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, subjective norm, and income were significant in predicting women's intention to receive mammography.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combined model synthesizing the Health Belief Model and the Theory of Reasoned Action was more effective in predicting mammography intention than in explaining mammography experience.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING:

Tailored health education and health promotion programs to promote mammography screening among Korean women should be developed based on women's perceptions and norms.

PMID:
16470239
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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