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J Biol Chem. 1991 Jun 25;266(18):11621-7.

Importance of the positive charge cluster in Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI for the effective binding of the substrate.

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  • 1Protein Engineering Research Institute, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

The handle region (residues 84-99) in ribonuclease HI (RNase HI) from Escherichia coli, which is rich in basic amino acid residues, was altered by alanine-scanning mutagenesis. Fifteen mutant proteins were purified to homogeneity and analyzed for the enzymatic activity. A mutation of either of 2 tryptophan residues at 85 or 90 resulted in a large increase in the Km value along with a large decrease in the Vmax value. These values probably resulted from conformational changes introduced by the mutations as indicated by the CD spectra of these mutant proteins. All other mutant enzymes had Vmax values similar to that of the wild-type enzyme. In contrast, replacement of any basic amino acid residue in the handle region, except for lysine 86, yielded proteins whose Km values were 3-5-fold higher than the wild-type enzyme. Such effects were shown to be cumulative, suggesting strongly that the cluster of positive charges in the handle region is important for the effective binding of the substrate. Interestingly, the region of human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase with homology to E. coli RNase HI lacks the handle region which may account for the poor RNase H activity of the domain when separated from the polymerase domain.

PMID:
1646812
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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