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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Dec;9(12):1320-6.

Socio-demographic and geographic indicators and distribution of tuberculosis in Hong Kong: a spatial analysis.

Author information

  • 1Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR China. mmwchan@hkucc.hku.hk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the socio-demographic and geographic indicators responsible for the distribution and transmission of tuberculosis (TB) in Hong Kong using geographical information system (GIS) technology.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

All patients with bacteriologically proven TB over a period of 3 years (May 1999-April 2002) residing within Hong Kong Island were studied. Molecular characterisation of their sputum isolates by IS6110-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique was performed. Socio-demographic data were derived from the 2001 Hong Kong population census. Geographic coordinates of patients' addresses were linked to the GIS; large street block groups (LSBGs) were the units of analysis.

RESULTS:

Of 2387 patients with bacteriologically confirmed TB, 2332 had valid addresses distributed in 430 LSBGs in Hong Kong Island. Of the five socio-demographic indicators studied, significant correlations were found between the rate of TB in an LSBG and low educational attainment, elderly population and low-income household, but not population density or unemployment. The five socio-demographic indicators were not different between LSBG with clustered cases and those with unique cases.

CONCLUSION:

Low educational attainment, old age and poverty were significant determinants of the rate of TB in different parts of Hong Kong, while none of the socio-demographic indicators was related to disease transmission.

PMID:
16466053
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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