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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006 Feb;72(2):1148-56.

Molecular and genetic characterization of a novel nisin variant produced by Streptococcus uberis.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Abstract

Streptococcus uberis is one of the principal causative agents of bovine mastitis. In this study, we report that S. uberis strain 42 produces a lantibiotic, nisin U, which is 78% identical (82% similar) to nisin A from Lactococcus lactis. The 15.6-kb nisin U locus comprises 11 open reading frames, similar in putative functionality but differing in arrangement from that of the nisin A biosynthetic cluster. The nisin U producer strain exhibits specific resistance (immunity) to nisin U and cross-resistance to nisin A, a finding consistent with the 55% sequence similarity of their respective immunity peptides. Homologues of the nisin U structural gene were identified in several additional S. uberis strains, and in each case cross-protective immunity was expressed to nisin A and to the other producers of nisin U and its variants. To our knowledge, this is the first report both of characterization of a bacteriocin by S. uberis, as well as of a member of the nisin family of peptides in a species other than L. lactis.

PMID:
16461661
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1392965
Free PMC Article

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