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J Biol Chem. 2006 May 12;281(19):13743-50. Epub 2006 Feb 6.

Regulation and function of SKAP-55 non-canonical motif binding to the SH3c domain of adhesion and degranulation-promoting adaptor protein.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology and Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. jonathan_duke-cohan@dfci.harvard.edu

Abstract

The immune cell adaptor adhesion and degranulation promoting adaptor protein (ADAP) and its binding to T-cell adaptor Src kinase-associated protein of 55 kDa (SKAP-55) play a key role in the modulation of T-cell adhesion. While primary binding occurs via SKAP-55 SH3 domain binding to a proline-rich region in ADAP, a second interaction occurs between the ADAP C-terminal SH3 domain (ADAP-SH3c) and a non-canonical RKXXY294XXY297 motif in SKAP-55. Increasing numbers of non-canonical SH3 domain binding motifs have been identified in a number of biological systems. The presence of tyrosine residues in the SKAP-55 RKXXY294XXY297 motif suggested that phosphorylation might influence this unusual SH3 domain interaction. Here, we show that the Src kinase p59fyn can induce the in vivo phosphorylation of the motif, and this event blocks ADAP-SH3c domain binding to the peptide motif. The importance of tyrosine phosphorylation was confirmed by plasmon resonance interaction analysis showing that phosphorylation of Tyr294 residue plays a central role in mediating dissociation, whereas phosphorylation of the second Tyr297 had no effect. Although loss of this secondary interaction did not result in the disruption of the complex, the Y294F mutation blocked T-cell receptor-induced up-regulation of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1-mediated adhesion to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and interleukin-2 promoter activity. Our findings identify a RKXXY294 motif in SKAP-55 that mediates unique ADAP SH3c domain binding and is needed for LFA-1-mediated adhesion and cytokine production.

PMID:
16461356
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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