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Bioorg Med Chem. 2006 Jun 1;14(11):3848-58. Epub 2006 Feb 7.

Synthesis and radiosynthesis of [(18)F]FPhEP, a novel alpha(4)beta(2)-selective, epibatidine-based antagonist for PET imaging of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

Author information

  • 1Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot, Département de Recherche Médicale, CEA/DSV, 4 Place du Général Leclerc, F-91401 Orsay, France.

Abstract

FPhEP (1, (+/-)-2-exo-(2'-fluoro-3'-phenyl-pyridin-5'-yl)-7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane) belongs to a recently described novel series of 3'-phenyl analogues of epibatidine, which not only possess subnanomolar affinity and high selectivity for brain alpha4beta2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), but also were reported as functional antagonists of low toxicity (up to 15 mg/kg in mice). FPhEP (1, K(i) of 0.24 nM against [(3)H]epibatidine) as reference as well as the corresponding N-Boc-protected chloro- and bromo derivatives (3a,b) as precursors for labelling with fluorine-18 were synthesized in eight and nine steps, respectively, from commercially available N-Boc-pyrrole (overall yields=17% for 1, 9% for 3a and 8% for 3b). FPhEP (1) was labelled with fluorine-18 using the following two-step radiochemical process: (1) no-carrier-added nucleophilic heteroaromatic ortho-radiofluorination from the corresponding N-Boc-protected chloro- or bromo derivatives (3 a,b-1mg) and the activated K[(18)F]F-Kryptofix(222) complex in DMSO using microwave activation at 250 W for 1.5 min, followed by (2) quantitative TFA-induced removal of the N-Boc-protective group. Radiochemically pure (>99%) [(18)F]FPhEP ([(18)F]-1, 2.22-3.33 GBq, 66-137 GBq/micromol) was obtained after semi-preparative HPLC (Symmetry C18, eluent aq 0.05 M NaH(2)PO(4)/CH(3)CN, 80:20 (v:v)) in 75-80 min starting from a 18.5 GBq aliquot of a cyclotron-produced [(18)F]fluoride production batch (10-20% nondecay-corrected overall yield). In vitro binding studies on rat whole-brain membranes demonstrated a subnanomolar affinity (K(D) 660 pM) of [(18)F]FPhEP ([(18)F]-1) for nAChRs. In vitro autoradiographic studies also showed a good contrast between nAChR-rich and -poor regions with a low non-specific binding. Comparison of in vivo Positron Emission Tomography (PET) kinetics of [(18)F]FPhEP ([(18)F]-1) and [(18)F]F-A-85380 in baboons demonstrated faster brain kinetics of the former compound (with a peak uptake at 20 min post injection only). Taken together, the preliminary data obtained confirm that [(18)F]FPhEP ([(18)F]-1) has potential for in vivo imaging nAChRs in the brain with PET.

PMID:
16455259
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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