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Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Feb;107(2 Pt 1):355-60.

Beer consumption among hazardous drinkers during pregnancy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 87131, USA. wrayburn@salud.unm.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of beer consumption among hazardous drinkers in our pregnant patient population.

METHODS:

This prospective clinic-based cohort study involved women who were surveyed during their first prenatal visit. Hazardous drinking was identified on alcohol surveys as frequent or binge drinking habits with related consequences. Participants completed initial and postpartum interviews about the quantity, frequency, and type (beer, wine, liquor, and/or combinations) of alcoholic beverages consumed before and after pregnancy recognition.

RESULTS:

Of the total 4,494 patients who completed the survey, 203 (4.52%) met criteria for hazardous drinking, met study eligibility criteria, and completed the interviews. Beer was consumed most often (n = 151, 74.4%) and in greater quantities than wine (P < .05) or liquor (P < .01). Beer continued to be consumed by 52.3% women after pregnancy recognition. Although abstinence for prolonged periods was common during pregnancy, beer was consumed more than wine and liquor per drinking episode (2.7 versus 0.9 drinking units per drinking day; P = .002) indicating a binging pattern. Very few switched to drinking either a light beer (n = 6) or a nonalcoholic beer (n = 1).

CONCLUSION:

Beer is the most consumed among women with hazardous drinking habits before and after pregnancy awareness. Focusing on binge beer drinking is worthwhile during routine prenatal questioning.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

II-2.

PMID:
16449124
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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