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Am J Addict. 2006 Jan-Feb;15(1):15-22.

Return to smoking following a smoke-free psychiatric hospitalization.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0984, USA.


This study examined the smoking behaviors and motivations of 100 patients hospitalized in a smoke-free psychiatry unit. The sample averaged nineteen cigarettes per day and had a history of repeated failed quit attempts, yet 65% expressed interest in quitting. During hospitalization, nicotine replacement was provided to 70% of smokers to manage nicotine withdrawal. Provider counseling for smoking cessation, however, was rare, and all patients returned to smoking within five weeks of hospital discharge. The inpatient setting provides a potential site for initiating tobacco dependence treatment; however to maintain abstinence following hospital discharge, greater support is needed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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