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J Biol Chem. 1992 Aug 15;267(23):16226-9.

A temperature-sensitive step in exocytosis.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0626.


We have examined the temperature sensitivity of exocytosis in digitonin-permeabilized chromaffin cells. The time course of secretion is markedly slowed by incubating the cells at 18 degrees C rather than 27 degrees C. We have previously shown that secretion has both ATP-dependent and ATP-independent components (Holz, R. W., Bittner, M. A., Peppers, S. C., Senter, R. A., and Eberhard, D. A. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 5412-5419). Reducing the temperature has no effect on ATP-independent secretion. However, cold (18 degrees C) greatly slows the ability of ATP to stimulate secretion. The ATP-requiring priming step itself is not affected by reducing the temperature since an effect of ATP can be seen after permeabilization at 18 degrees C if the cells are subsequently stimulated to secrete at 27 degrees C. When cells are permeabilized at 27 degrees C with ATP and then stimulated by Ca2+ in the absence of ATP, the secretion which was primed by ATP during the permeabilization step is inhibited 75% at 18 degrees C. Similar results are seen when ATP-dependent priming is enhanced by low concentrations of Ca2+. Thus, the temperature-sensitive step occurs after ATP and Ca2+ act to prime the cell. The temperature-sensitive step is likely to be overall rate-limiting step during the later phase of secretion, when the ATP-dependent priming process is limiting.

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