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Neuron. 2006 Feb 2;49(3):341-8.

The disease progression of Mecp2 mutant mice is affected by the level of BDNF expression.

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  • 1Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in the MECP2 gene cause Rett syndrome (RTT). Bdnf is a MeCP2 target gene; however, its role in RTT pathogenesis is unknown. We examined Bdnf conditional mutant mice for RTT-relevant pathologies and observed that loss of BDNF caused smaller brain size, smaller CA2 neurons, smaller glomerulus size, and a characteristic hindlimb-clasping phenotype. BDNF protein level was reduced in Mecp2 mutant mice, and deletion of Bdnf in Mecp2 mutants caused an earlier onset of RTT-like symptoms. To assess whether this interaction was functional and potentially therapeutically relevant, we increased BDNF expression in the Mecp2 mutant brain with a conditional Bdnf transgene. BDNF overexpression extended the lifespan, rescued a locomotor defect, and reversed an electrophysiological deficit observed in Mecp2 mutants. Our results provide in vivo evidence for a functional interaction between Mecp2 and Bdnf and demonstrate the physiological significance of altered BDNF expression/signaling in RTT disease progression.

PMID:
16446138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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