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Carbohydr Res. 2006 Apr 10;341(5):577-81. Epub 2006 Jan 30.

Screening for hetero-transglycosylating activities in extracts from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus).

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  • 1Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84538 Bratislava, Slovakia.


Using combinations of different polysaccharides as glycosyl donors and of oligosaccharides fluorescently labeled by sulforhodamine (SR) as glycosyl acceptors, we screened for the presence of transglycosylating activities in extracts from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus). Besides xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase (XTH/XET, EC activity, which transfers xyloglucanosyl residues from xyloglucan (XG) to XG-derived oligosaccharides (XGOs), a glycosyl transfer from XG to SR-labeled cellooligosaccharides and laminarioligosaccharides has been detected. The XGOs also served as acceptors for the glycosyl transfer from soluble cellulose derivatives carboxymethyl cellulose and hydroxyethylcellulose. The effectivity of these polysaccharides as glycosyl donors for transfer to XG-derived octasaccharide [1-3H]XXLGol decreased in the order XG > HEC > CMC. Isoelectric focusing in polyacrylamide gels showed that bands corresponding to hetero-transglycosylase activities coincided with zones corresponding to XTH/XET. These results can be explained as due either to substrate non-specificity of certain isoenzymes of XTH/XET or to existence of enzymes catalyzing a hetero-transfer, that is the formation of covalent linkages between different types of carbohydrate polymers.

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