Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Immunol. 2006 Mar;7(3):284-92. Epub 2006 Jan 29.

Particularities of the vasculature can promote the organ specificity of autoimmune attack.

Author information

  • 1Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

How certain autoimmune diseases target specific organs remains obscure. In the 'K/BxN' arthritis model, autoantibodies to a ubiquitous antigen elicit joint-restricted pathology. Here we have used intravital imaging to demonstrate that transfer of arthritogenic antibodies caused macromolecular vasopermeability localized to sites destined to develop arthritis, augmenting its severity. Vasopermeability depended on mast cells, neutrophils and FcgammaRIII but not complement, tumor necrosis factor or interleukin 1. Unexpectedly, radioresistant FcRgamma-expressing cells in an organ distant from the joint were required. Histamine and serotonin were critical, and systemic administration of these vasoactive amines recapitulated the joint localization of immune complex-triggered vasopermeability. We propose that regionally distinct vascular properties 'interface' with immune effector pathways to foster organ-specific autoimmune damage, perhaps explaining why arthritis accompanies many human infectious and autoimmune disorders.

PMID:
16444258
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Medical

Molecular Biology Databases

Research Materials

Miscellaneous

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk