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Indian J Med Sci. 2006 Jan;60(1):3-12.

The impact of HIV/AIDS on the quality of life: a cross sectional study in north India.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. naveet_wig@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the impact of Human Deficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) on the quality of life (QOL) on such patients in North India.

DESIGN:

A cross sectional study.

SETTING:

Outpatient setting and wards, Department of Medicine at a premier tertiary health care center, North India.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixty-eight consecutive HIV/AIDS patients attending Medicine out patient department and/or admitted to the wards of All India Institute of Medical Sciences were administered a structured questionnaire by the HIV nurse coordinator. QOL was evaluated using the WHOQOL-Bref (Hindi) instrument.

ANALYSIS:

One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was performed to find out significant difference between the clinical categories and socio-demographic variables on QOL domains.

RESULTS:

The overall QOL mean score on a scale of 0-100 was found to be 25.8. Similarly, on the scale of 0-100 the mean scores in the four domains of QOL in descending order were social (80.9); psychological (27.5); physical (17.7) and environmental domain (11.65). There was a significant difference of quality of life in the physical domain between asymptomatic patients (14.6) and patients with AIDS (10.43) defining illnesses (p< 0.001) and asymptomatic and early symptomatic (12) patients (p=0.014). QOL in the psychological domain was significantly poorer in early symptomatic (12.1) (p< 0.05) and AIDS patients (12.4) (p< 0.006) as compared to asymptomatic individuals (14.2). A significant difference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was observed with respect to the educational status (p< 0.037) and income of patients (p< 0.048). Significantly better QOL scores in the physical (p< 0.040) and environmental domain (p< 0.017) were present with respect to the occupation of the patients. Patients with family support had better QOL scores in environmental domain.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our study, QOL is associated with education, income, occupation, family support and clinical categories of the patients.

PMID:
16444082
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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