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Opt Lett. 2006 Jan 15;31(2):226-8.

Efficient single-mode operation of a cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped helical-core fiber laser.

Author information

  • 1Optoelectronics Research Center, University of Southampton, Highfield, UK. puw@orc.soton.ac.uk

Abstract

A novel approach to achieving robust single-spatial-mode operation of cladding-pumped fiber lasers with multimode cores is reported. The approach is based on the use of a fiber geometry in which the core has a helical trajectory within the inner cladding to suppress laser oscillation on higher-order modes. In a preliminary proof-of-principle study, efficient single-mode operation of a cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped helical-core fiber laser with a 30 microm diameter core and a numerical aperture of 0.087 has been demonstrated. The laser yielded 60.4 W of output at 1043 nm in a beam with M2 < 1.4 for 92.6 W launched pump power from a diode stack at 976 nm. The slope efficiency at pump powers well above threshold was approximately 84%, which compares favorably with the slope efficiencies achievable with conventional straight-core Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers.

PMID:
16441038
[PubMed]
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