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Ann Neurol. 2006 Feb;59(2):419-23.

The human immunodeficiency virus reduces network capacity: acoustic noise effect.

Author information

  • 1Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA. tomasi@bnl.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Increased acoustic noise (AN) during working memory leads to increased brain activation in healthy individuals and may have greater impact in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients.

RESULTS:

Compared with control subjects, HIV patients showed reduced AN activation and lower neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate in prefrontal and parietal cortices. Competing use of the working memory network between AN and cognitive load showed lower dynamic range of the hemodynamic responses in prefrontal and parietal cortices in HIV patients.

INTERPRETATION:

These findings suggest that reduced reserve capacity of the working memory network in HIV patients and additional stress (eg, AN) might exhaust the impaired network for more demanding tasks.

PMID:
16437575
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2440821
Free PMC Article
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