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Assessment of the ruminant respiratory system.

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  • 1Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Canada.


With practice, complete use of the methods of this assessment: history, detailed examination of the head and neck, cough induction, chest auscultation and percussion, and chest auscultation following forced rebreathing can be completed within 10 minutes. The examination can provide a great deal of new information regarding the respiratory system that would go undetected on a more general physical examination. In cases in which the diagnosis is still in question or requires confirmation, this will also enable the optimal use of appropriate ancillary tests, as described in the article on ancillary testing for the respiratory tract elsewhere in this issue.

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