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J Palliat Med. 2006 Feb;9(1):41-9.

Factors associated with reductions in patients' analgesia at hospital discharge.

Author information

  • 1Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA. carlton.moore@mssm.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the patterns of opioid prescribing and the factors associated with reductions in the potency of patients' analgesic medications at the time of hospital discharge.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort.

SETTING:

Two hundred forty-four patients (171 surgical and 73 nonsurgical) hospitalized in an urban academic medical center who have experienced moderate or severe pain and who are taking opioid analgesics prior to discharge.

OUTCOME:

Step-down (or reduction) in the potency of patients' analgesic medication at the time of discharge. A step-down is defined as the analgesic medication that a patient is prescribed for outpatient analgesia at the time of discharge being less potent then the last pain medication administered to that patient just prior to hospital discharge.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three percent of all patients had reductions in the potency of their opioid pain medication at the time of discharge (36% for surgical and 26% for nonsurgical patients). For nonsurgical patients, we found a trend toward Hispanic ethnicity being an independent risk factor for having a step-down in analgesic potency at discharge (odds ratio [OR]: 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9-14.9).

CONCLUSION:

Physicians frequently reduce the potency of hospitalized patients' pain medications at discharge and Hispanic patients may be at increased risk of this occurring. Further research is needed to determine if the reductions in analgesic potency we observed are associated with poor posthospital pain outcomes.

PMID:
16430343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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