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Arch Anim Nutr. 2005 Dec;59(6):429-38.

Conjugated linoleic acid can prevent tumor necrosis factor gene expression by inhibiting nuclear factor binding activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from weaned pigs challenged with lipopolysaccharide.

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  • 1College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.


Twenty-four weanling barrows were fed corn-soybean diets supplemented with 2% conjugated linolenic acid (CLA) or soybean oil. On day 14 and 21, pigs were injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or sterile saline. Plasma samples were collected 2h after injection. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were also collected on day 21, 2 h after injection to determine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production and its mRNA expression. The results indicate that dietary CLA inhibited the production of TNF-alpha by pig PBMC both at the protein and mRNA expression level. In a second experiment, PBMC, collected from a healthy pig, were incubated with either c9,t11-CLA or t10,c12-CLA, or without CLA and stimulated with LPS. Both CLA isomers inhibited LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha production and expression, which may be partially due to inhibition of the binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB. The t10,c12 isomer was more effective than the c9,t11-CLA isomer in reducing TNF-alpha levels and nuclear factor-kappaB activation.

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