Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 2006 Jan 15;66(2):748-54.

Critical roles for polymerase zeta in cellular tolerance to nitric oxide-induced DNA damage.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshida Konoe, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.


Nitric oxide (NO), a signal transmitter involved in inflammation and regulation of smooth muscle and neurons, seems to cause mutagenesis, but its mechanisms have remained elusive. To gain an insight into NO-induced genotoxicity, we analyzed the effect of NO on a panel of chicken DT40 clones deficient in DNA repair pathways, including base and nucleotide excision repair, double-strand break repair, and translesion DNA synthesis (TLS). Our results show that cells deficient in Rev1 and Rev3, a subunit essential for DNA polymerase zeta (Polzeta), are hypersensitive to killing by two chemical NO donors, spermine NONOate and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine. Mitotic chromosomal analysis indicates that the hypersensitivity is caused by a significant increase in the level of induced chromosomal breaks. The data reveal the critical role of TLS polymerases in cellular tolerance to NO-induced DNA damage and suggest the contribution of these error-prone polymerases to accumulation of single base substitutions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk