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J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jan 20;24(3):500-6.

Phase I dose escalation of iodine-131-metaiodobenzylguanidine with myeloablative chemotherapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation in refractory neuroblastoma: a new approaches to Neuroblastoma Therapy Consortium Study.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, and UCSF Children's Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94143-0106, USA. matthayk@peds.ucsf.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and toxicity of iodine-131-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) with carboplatin, etoposide, melphalan (CEM) and autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in refractory neuroblastoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Twenty-four children with primary refractory neuroblastoma and no prior ASCT were entered; 22 were assessable for toxicity and response. (131)I-MIBG was administered on day -21, CEM was administered on days -7 to -4, and ASCT was performed on day 0, followed by 13-cis-retinoic acid. (131)I-MIBG was escalated in groups of three to six patients, stratified by corrected glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

RESULTS:

The MTD for patients with normal GFR (> or = 100 mL/min/1.73 m2) was 131I-MIBG 12 mCi/kg, carboplatin 1,500 mg/m2, etoposide 1,200 mg/m2, and melphalan 210 mg/m2. In the low-GFR cohort, at the initial dose level using 12 mCi/kg of 131I-MIBG and reduced chemotherapy, one in six patients had dose limiting toxicity (DLT), including veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Three more patients in this group had grade 3 or 4 hepatotoxicity, and two had VOD, without meeting DLT criteria. There was only one death as a result of toxicity among all 24 patients. All assessable patients engrafted, with median time for neutrophils > or = 500/microL of 10 days and median time for platelets > or = 20,000/microL of 26 days. Six of 22 assessable patients had complete or partial response, and 15 patients had mixed response or stable disease. The estimated probability of event-free survival and survival from the day of MIBG infusion for all patients at 3 years was 0.31 +/- 0.10 and 0.58 +/- 0.10, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

131I-MIBG with myeloablative chemotherapy is feasible and effective for patients with neuroblastoma exhibiting de novo resistance to chemotherapy.

PMID:
16421427
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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