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Proteomics. 2006 Jan;6(2):721-30.

Proteomic analysis of high-density lipoprotein.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Plasma lipoproteins, such as high-density lipoprotein (HDL), can serve as carriers for a wide range of proteins that are involved in processes such as lipid metabolism, thrombosis, inflammation and atherosclerosis. The identification of HDL-associated proteins is essential with regards to understanding these processes at the molecular level. In this study, a combination of proteomic approaches including 1-DE and 2-DE MALDI-TOF, isotope-coded affinity tag and Western blot analysis were employed to identify proteins associated with human HDL. To minimize potential losses of HDL-associated proteins during isolation, a one-step ultracentrifugation technique was applied and the quality of purified HDL was confirmed by nephelometry, high-performance gel chromatography, and Western blot analysis. MS analysis revealed the presence of 56 HDL-associated proteins including all known apolipoproteins and lipid transport proteins. Furthermore, proteins involved in hemostasis and thrombosis, the immune and complement system were found. In addition, growth factors, receptors, hormone-associated proteins and many other proteins were found to be associated with HDL. Our approach thus resulted in the identification of a large number of proteins associated with HDL. The combination of proteomic technologies proved to be a powerful and comprehensive tool for the identification of proteins on HDL.

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