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J Health Soc Policy. 2005;21(1):1-32.

The status of low-income neighborhoods in the post-welfare reform environment: mapping the relationship between poverty and place.

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  • 1Bay Area Social Services Consortium, Center for Social Services Research, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7400, USA. jchow99@berkeley.edu


It has long been recognized that children and adults living in poverty are at risk for a number of negative outcomes. As inequality in the distribution of wealth, income and opportunity has grown in the U.S. during the post-welfare reform era, impoverished children and their families have tended to become increasingly concentrated in urban low-income neighborhoods. Research evidence demonstrates that living in these neighborhoods affects family well-being in several key areas: economic and employment opportunity, health and mental health condition, crime and safety, and children's behavioral and educational outcomes. Using the neighborhood indicator approach, public and nonprofit social service agencies will be better positioned to develop a comprehensive and integrated service delivery model at the neighborhood level by using neighborhood assessment to locate services and utilize neighborhood intervention strategies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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