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Pharmacol Ther. 1992;53(1):67-79.

Antihypertensive drugs: individualized analysis and clinical relevance of kinetic-dynamic relationships.

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  • 1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Gardiner Institute, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, U.K.


Individualized approaches to antihypertensive therapy are being widely advocated. Ideally these should incorporate rational prospective methods for drug and dosage selection but progress has been hampered by the paucity of information about dose- (and plasma concentration-) response relationships. However, in several recent clinical studies, concentration-effect analysis has been used to characterize kinetic-dynamic relationships in individual patients for a range of antihypertensive drugs. This approach provides an integrated mathematical description of drug response which has potential utility for quickly identifying poor or nonresponders and for determining individual dose requirements for optimum longterm blood pressure control.

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