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Exp Mol Pathol. 2006 Apr;80(2):171-6. Epub 2006 Jan 17.

Anti-P-selectin lectin-EGF domain monoclonal antibody inhibits the maturation of human immature dendritic cells.

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  • 1Department of Nephrology, Rui Jin Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University (SSMU), Shanghai 200025, China. zhoutong_cn@hotmail.com

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells with the ability to initiate primary T cell responses. While it is well known that inflammatory stimuli induce the functional maturation of immature DCs, whether adhesion molecule selectins regulate DC maturation is poorly understood. Using anti-P-selectin lectin-EGF domain monoclonal antibody (PsL-EGFmAb) that blocks the adhesion of P-, E-, and L-selectin, we demonstrate herein that selectins play important role in stimulating functional maturation of immature DCs. Immature DCs are generated from human cord blood CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells that were cultured in the presence of stem cell factor, Fms-like tyrosine-kinase-3 ligand, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, and transform growth factor-beta1. When stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), immature DCs differentiated into mature DCs, producing increased levels of costimulatory molecules and interleukin (IL)-12 and obtaining the ability to potently activate naïve T cells. Interestingly, in contrast to mature DCs derived from TNF-alpha-induced immature DC cultures without PsL-EGFmAb, immature DCs treated with PsL-EGFmAb for 7 days were completely blocked their maturation, as evidenced by decreased expression of costimulatory molecules CD80, CD86, and CD83, inhibited production of IL-12, and inability to activate naïve T cells in vitro. Thus, blockade of selectins using PsL-EGFmAb will prove to be a valuable tool for the study of the molecular mechanisms of DC maturation, as well as for the prevention and treatment of DC-mediated autoimmunity.

PMID:
16413535
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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