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Nephrologie. 1992;13(3):127-33.

[Post-catheterization venous stenosis in hemodialysis: comparative angiographic study of 50 subclavian and 50 internal jugular accesses].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de Néphrologie-Hémodialyse, CHG Troyes.


From January 1986 to December 1990, we studied angiographically the subclavian-brachiocephalic vein of 100 patients dialysed on subclavian catheter for 50 (first group) and on internal jugular catheter for the 50 others (second group). These 2 groups are not statistically different for age: 61.6 +/- 11.3 years in the first and 61 +/- 11.1 in the second, for sex: respectively 48% and 56% of women, for time-length of catheter insertion: respectively 31 +/- 21.8 days and 31.7 +/- 16, and for number of dialysis sessions: respectively 13.5 +/- 9.1 and 13.6 +/- 7.1. The type of catheters, the frequency of removal for poor flow (16% in both groups) or for infections (6% in both groups) and the local nursing are similar in the 2 groups. Only the side of cannulation differs: the right side is used in 58% of cases in the first group and 78% in the second one. The angiographic study reveals a stenosis of the vein in 42% of the subclavian group and in 10% of the internal jugular group: a dramatic difference in favour of the internal jugular route, whose superiority on subclavian route is asserted in respect of venous access of dialysed patients.

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