Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below

Exotic mammal renal disease: causes and clinical presentation.

Author information

  • 1Pet Care Veterinary Hospital, 5201-A Virginia Beach Boulevard, Virginia Beach, VA 23462, USA. peter.g.fisher@verizon.net


Renal disease is not uncommon in exotic mammals, with degenerative,infectious (bacterial, viral, parasitic), metabolic, nutritional,neoplastic, anatomic, and toxic causes all represented. This article discusses the clinical presentation for the various renal diseases affecting exotic mammals. Anatomic pathology at the gross and microscopic level is reviewed, as is disease pathophysiology unique to the species under discussion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk