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Exotic mammal renal disease: causes and clinical presentation.

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  • 1Pet Care Veterinary Hospital, 5201-A Virginia Beach Boulevard, Virginia Beach, VA 23462, USA. peter.g.fisher@verizon.net

Abstract

Renal disease is not uncommon in exotic mammals, with degenerative,infectious (bacterial, viral, parasitic), metabolic, nutritional,neoplastic, anatomic, and toxic causes all represented. This article discusses the clinical presentation for the various renal diseases affecting exotic mammals. Anatomic pathology at the gross and microscopic level is reviewed, as is disease pathophysiology unique to the species under discussion.

PMID:
16407079
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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