Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Mol Cell. 2006 Jan 6;21(1):97-108.

Mechanistic insights into sulfur relay by multiple sulfur mediators involved in thiouridine biosynthesis at tRNA wobble positions.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.

Abstract

The wobble bases of bacterial tRNAs responsible for NNR codons are modified to 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine (mnm5s2U). 2-thio modification of mnm5s2U is required for accurate decoding and essential for normal cell growth. We identified five genes yhhP, yheL, yheM, yheN, and yccK (named tusA, tusB, tusC, tusD, and tusE, respectively) that are essential for 2-thiouridylation of mnm5s2U by a systematic genome-wide screen ("ribonucleome analysis"). Efficient 2-thiouridine formation in vitro was reconstituted with recombinant TusA, a TusBCD complex, TusE, and previously identified IscS and MnmA. The desulfurase activity of IscS is stimulated by TusA binding. IscS transfers the persulfide sulfur to TusA. TusE binds TusBCD complex and stimulates sulfur transfer from TusA to TusD. TusE also interacts with an MnmA-tRNA complex. This study revealed that 2-thiouridine formation proceeds through a complex sulfur-relay system composed of multiple sulfur mediators that select and facilitate specific sulfur flow to 2-thiouridine from various pathways of sulfur trafficking.

PMID:
16387657
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk