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Life Sci. 2006 May 15;78(25):2960-6. Epub 2005 Dec 28.

Long-term intake of egg white hydrolysate attenuates the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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  • 1Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain.


This paper evaluates the effect of the long-term intake of a hydrolysate of egg white with pepsin (HEW), with a potent angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity, on the development of hypertension of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). After being weaned, male 3-week-old SHR were randomly divided into five groups that were given until the 20th week of life the following drinking fluids: (1) tap water, (2) non-treated egg white 1 g/kg/day, (3) captopril 100 mg/kg/day, (4) HEW 0.5 g/kg/day, and (5) HEW 1 g/kg/day. From the 20th to 25th week of life, animals from all groups were given tap water. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured weekly in the rats, from the 6th to 25th week of life, by the tail cuff method. Development of hypertension was attenuated in the groups treated with captopril and HEW (P<0.001 vs. the group that drunk tap water). At the 20th week of life, the arterial blood pressure values of the different groups of rats were: tap water (SBP = 219.5 +/- 5.7, DBP = 167 +/- 3.7), non-treated egg white (SBP = 206.4 +/- 1.43, DBP = 166.4 +/- 4.9), captopril (SBP = 131.7 +/- 2.74, DBP = 91.5 +/- 1.62), HEW 0.5 g/kg/day (SBP = 182.9 +/- 4.64, DBP = 127.5 +/- 2.1) and HEW 1 g/kg/day (SBP = 177.7 +/- 4.72, DBP = 120.1 +/- 2.4). SBP and DBP increased in the treated SHR when the corresponding antihypertensive treatment was removed. In spite of this, SBP remained lower in the SHR that had received captopril and HEW than in the SHR of the control groups (P<0.05). The present results suggest that HEW could be used as a functional food with antihypertensive activity.

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