Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jan 3;47(1):112-20. Epub 2005 Dec 9.

Ratio of late to early T-wave peak amplitude in 24-h electrocardiographic recordings as indicator of symptom history in patients with long-QT Syndrome types 1 and 2.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. matti.viitasalo@hus.fi

Abstract

We reviewed 24-h electrocardiographic recordings from 214 genotyped subjects--97 with long-QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1), 62 with LQT2, and 55 unaffected--to record maximal diurnal amplitude ratios between late and early T-wave peaks. Maximal amplitude ratios between late and early T-wave peaks were higher in symptomatic than in asymptomatic patients both in LQT1 (3.2 +/- 1.0 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.8; p < 0.001) and in LQT2 patients (2.6 +/- 1.0 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.5; p < 0.001). The maximal amplitude ratio between late and early T-wave peaks was independently associated with symptom history in both LQT1 and LQT2 patients.

OBJECTIVES:

We tested the hypothesis that in long-QT syndrome types 1 (LQT1) and 2 (LQT2), the diurnal maximal ratio between late and early T-wave peak amplitudes correlates with a history of symptoms better than QT interval durations.

BACKGROUND:

Genotype and phenotype studies have delineated clinical profiles of the most prevalent LQT1 and LQT2 subtypes of inherited LQT, but prediction of arrhythmia risk remains uncertain, the baseline QTc interval being the best predictor. In experimental long-QT syndrome models, the ratio between late and early T-wave peak amplitude predicts onset of torsade de pointes.

METHODS:

We reviewed 24-h electrocardiographic recordings from 214 genotyped subjects--97 with LQT1, 62 with LQT2, and 55 unaffected-to record maximal amplitude ratios between late and early T-wave peaks by use of a computer-assisted program.

RESULTS:

Maximal amplitude ratios between late and early T-wave peaks were higher in symptomatic than in asymptomatic patients both in LQT1 (3.2 +/- 1.0 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.8; p < 0.001) and LQT2 patients (2.6 +/- 1.0 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.5; p < 0.001). Although the QTc interval also was longer in symptomatic patients, only the maximal amplitude ratio between late and early T-wave peaks was independently associated with symptoms in both LQT1 and LQT2 patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maximal diurnal ratio between late and early T-wave peak amplitude improves noninvasive risk assessment both in LQT1 and LQT2 syndromes. We propose this new indicator in clinical evaluation of arrhythmia risk in LQT1 and LQT2.

PMID:
16386673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk