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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Dec 15;109(49):23279-84.

Synthesis of manganese oxide electrodes with interconnected nanowire structure as an anode material for rechargeable lithium ion batteries.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung 807-78, Taiwan.


Manganese oxide electrodes composed of interconnected nanowires are electrochemically synthesized in manganous acetate solution at room temperature without any template and catalyst. Annealing temperature affects the electrode morphology, crystallization, and electrochemical performance. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) results show that nanowires are uniformly distributed and sizes are about 12-18 nm in diameter; the diameter decreases to about 8-12 nm after annealing at 300 degrees C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) images indicate that nanowires have poor crystalline characteristics. The higher the annealing temperature, the higher the crystalline degree is in manganese oxide. The synthesized anode material shows a much larger capacity than the traditional graphite materials for lithium storage. After annealing at 300 degrees C, the electrode's reversible capacity reaches 800 mAhg(-1), and the specific capacity retention remains nearly constant after 100 cycles.

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