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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2005 Dec;14(10):929-35.

Postpartum depression assessments at well-baby visits: screening feasibility, prevalence, and risk factors.

Author information

  • 1Women's Mental Health Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona College of Medicine. Tucson, Arizona 85724, USA. marlenef@email.arizona.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a disorder with broad public health implications and consequences that impact almost every aspect of child development.

METHODS:

In this pilot study, study participants were 96 women who brought their babies to the University of Arizona Pediatrics Clinic for their 8-week well-baby visit. Participants completed a packet that consisted of questions about demographics, potential correlates of PPD, and the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS). English and Spanish versions were available.

RESULTS:

Of a total of 172 women who brought their babies in for their 8-week well-baby visit, 96 women completed the packets, for an overall response rate of 56.9%. Observed EPDS scores ranged from 0 to 18, with a mean of 5.44 and a standard deviation (SD) of 4.83. Using the cutoff of EPDS > or = 12, 14.6% of participants were likely suffering from clinically significant depression. Higher EPDS scores and also categorical depression classification were statistically associated with reported smoking and a family history of mental health problems.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that screening for mothers at well-baby visits is feasible and that the data collected are of sufficient quality to identify reliable predictors even with small sample sizes.

PMID:
16372894
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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