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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Dec 20;46(12):2264-9.

Left ventricular dyssynchrony predicts right ventricular remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this research was to evaluate right ventricular (RV) remodeling after six months of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac resynchronization therapy is beneficial in patients with end-stage heart failure. The effect of CRT on RV size is currently unknown. Accordingly, the effects of CRT on RV size, severity of tricuspid regurgitation, and pulmonary artery pressure were evaluated.

METHODS:

Fifty-six consecutive patients with end-stage heart failure (52% ischemic cardiomyopathy), left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) < or =35%, QRS duration >120 ms, and left bundle branch block were included. Clinical parameters, LV volumes, LVEF, LV dyssynchrony, and RV chamber size were assessed at baseline and after six months of CRT; LV dyssynchrony was assessed using tissue Doppler imaging.

RESULTS:

Clinical parameters improved significantly; LV dyssynchrony was acutely reduced after CRT and remained unchanged at six-month follow-up. Left ventricular EF improved significantly from 19 +/- 6% to 26 +/- 8% (p < 0.001), and LV end-diastolic volume decreased from 257 +/- 98 ml to 227 +/- 86 ml (p < 0.001). Right ventricular annulus decreased significantly from 37 +/- 9 mm to 32 +/- 10 mm, RV short-axis from 29 +/- 11 mm to 26 +/- 7 mm, and RV long-axis from 89 +/- 11 mm to 82 +/- 10 mm (all p < 0.001). Left ventricular and RV reverse remodeling were only observed in patients with substantial LV dyssynchrony at baseline. Finally, significant reductions in severity of tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary artery pressure were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cardiac resynchronization therapy results in significant reverse LV and RV remodeling after six months of CRT in patients with LV dyssynchrony. Moreover, CRT leads to a reduction of the severity of tricuspid regurgitation and a decrease in pulmonary artery pressure.

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