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J Biol Chem. 2006 Feb 24;281(8):5065-71. Epub 2005 Dec 15.

The BTB-kelch protein LZTR-1 is a novel Golgi protein that is degraded upon induction of apoptosis.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Biology and Angiogenesis Research, Tumor Biology Center Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.


Members of the BTB-kelch superfamily play important roles during fundamental cellular processes, such as the regulation of cell morphology, migration, and gene expression. The BTB-kelch protein LZTR-1 is deleted in the majority of DiGeorge syndrome patients and is believed to act as a transcriptional regulator. However, functional and expression profiling studies of LZTR-1 have not been performed thus far. Therefore, we examined the subcellular localization and function of LZTR-1 to gain insights into its biological role. Analysis of the primary structure of the protein revealed six N-terminal kelch motifs and two BTB/POZ domains at the C terminus within LZTR-1. Confocal analysis of the subcellular distribution of LZTR-1 using the Golgi markers GM130, Golgin-97, and TGN46 identified a localization of LZTR-1 exclusively on the cytoplasmic surface of the Golgi network that is mediated by its second BTB/POZ domain. In contrast to most other BTB-kelch proteins, LZTR-1 did not co-localize with actin. Treatment with brefeldin A did not lead to redistribution of LZTR-1 to the endoplasmic reticulum but caused its relocalization in dispersed, punctuated structures that were also positive for GM130. These data demonstrate that LZTR-1 is a Golgi matrix-associated protein. Upon induction of apoptosis, LZTR-1 was phosphorylated on tyrosine residues and subsequently degraded; that could be rescued partially by the addition of the caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk and the proteasome inhibitors lactacystin and MG132. Taken together, our experiments identify LZTR-1 as the first BTB-kelch protein that exclusively localizes to the Golgi network, and the binding of LZTR-1 to the Golgi complex is mediated by its second BTB/POZ domain.

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