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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2006 Apr;77(1):19-27.

Asymmetrically functional surface properties on biocompatible phospholipid polymer membrane for bioartificial kidney.

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  • 1Department of Materials Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.


To obtain a bioartificial kidney composed of a porous polymer membrane and renal cells, a polysulfone (PSf) membrane (PSM) blended with 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer was prepared. The PSM flat membrane with a porous structure could be prepared from the polymer blend containing 1 wt % of the MPC polymer in PSf by the phase inversion technique in a dry-wet process. Asymmetrical surface properties were observed on both sides of the membrane surfaces. That is, the sponge layer formed at the substrate-contacting surface of the membrane had 10-20 microm pores, but the pores in the micrometer range could not be observed for a skin layer formed at the air-contacting surface of the membrane. At the sponge layer surface, the MPC unit composition was 7 times larger than that at the skin layer surface. The amount of proteins adsorbed on the surface corresponded to the MPC unit composition. On the skin layer, a small amount of adsorbed proteins and platelet adhesion could be suppressed compared with those on the sponge layer. However, the skin layer had a moderate protein adsorption, so it showed a sufficient cytocompatibility to enable renal tubule epithelial cells to adhere and proliferate in the membrane. Thus, it functioned well as a renal tubule. Therefore, because of both its hemocompatibility and cytocompatibility, we could conclude that the PSM membrane is useful for as a renal tubule device for a bioartificial kidney.

(c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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