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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2005 Dec;63(6):650-6.

Does pravastatin increase chylomicron remnant catabolism in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus?

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  • 1School of Medicine and Pharmacology, Royal Perth Hospital, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the effects of pravastatin on chylomicron remnant catabolism measured with a 13C stable isotope breath test and plasma apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 and remnant-like particle (RLP)-cholesterol in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS:

Nineteen postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive 40 mg/day pravastatin or no treatment for 6 weeks followed by a 2-week washout period, and crossed over for a further 6 weeks. Fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of a chylomicron remnant-like emulsion was determined from 13CO2 enrichment in the breath and plasma using isotope-ratio mass spectrometry and multicompartmental modelling. Plasma apo B-48 and RLP-cholesterol concentrations were also measured as static markers of chylomicron remnant metabolism.

RESULTS:

Pravastatin significantly reduced plasma concentrations of cholesterol (5.9 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.8 +/- 0.2 mmol/l; P < 0.001), low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (3.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.2 mmol/l; P < 0.001), triglyceride (2.1 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.2 mmol/l; P = 0.017), non-high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (4.4 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.3 +/- 0.2 mmol/l; P < 0.001), lathosterol/total cholesterol ratio (2.6 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.0 +/- 0.3, P = 0.035), apo B-100 (1.1 +/- 0.1 vs. 0.8 +/- 0.1 g/l; P = 0.001), apo B-48 (4.8 +/- 0.9 vs. 3.3 +/- 0.6 mg/l; P = 0.016), and RLP-cholesterol (31.4 +/- 8.2 vs. 18.6 +/- 4.6 mg/dl; P = 0.024). Pravastatin was also associated with an increase in sitosterol/total cholesterol ratio (2.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.1 +/- 0.3, P = 0.029). Chylomicron remnant-like emulsion catabolism was not, however, significantly altered by pravastatin estimated by either breath or plasma clearance measurements.

CONCLUSIONS:

In postmenopausal women, pravastatin decreases plasma concentrations of remnant lipoproteins by a mechanism that may relate chiefly to inhibition of remnant production, but this requires further evaluation.

PMID:
16343099
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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