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Transplantation. 2005 Nov 27;80(10):1485-92.

IL-4 deficiency prevents eosinophilic rejection and uncovers a role for neutrophils in the rejection of MHC class II disparate skin grafts.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nephrology, Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium. msurquin@ulb.ac.be

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute rejection of MHC class II-disparate bm12 skin grafts by C57BL/6 recipient mice is characterized by massive graft infiltration by eosinophils, together with increased intragraft amounts of IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA. IL-5 blockade prevents the intragraft eosinophil infiltration and prolongs the survival of skin allografts. As the differentiation of T cell precursors into Th2 cells is largely driven by IL-4, we investigated the role of IL-4 in MHC class II-disparate allograft rejection.

METHODS:

We performed skin grafts from MHC class II incompatible bm12 mice into wild-type C57BL/6 mice (IL-4) or C57BL/6 IL-4 deficient mice (IL-4). Graft survival, in vitro T cell reactivity, and histology were compared.

RESULTS:

We observed that 50% of IL-4 mice rapidly rejected their bm12 allograft, whereas the other 50% retained their graft 60 days after transplantation. Histological examination of bm12 allografts retained by IL-4 mice showed a normal appearance with no inflammatory infiltrate and no eosinophils. Among IL-4 mice that acutely rejected their bm12 skin graft, we observed a dense polymorphonuclear infiltrate. The depletion of neutrophils significantly prolonged bm12 graft survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Eosinophil infiltrates, typical of MHC class II disparate acute skin graft rejection, are critically dependent on the availability of IL-4. IL-4 mice reject MHC class II disparate skin grafts by a pathway of rejection where neutrophils play a direct causal role.

PMID:
16340795
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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