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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Jan 1;41(1):44-52.

Clinician-delivered intervention during routine clinical care reduces unprotected sexual behavior among HIV-infected patients.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, Center for Health/HIV Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-1248, USA. jeffrey.fisher@uconn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of a clinician-delivered intervention, implemented during routine clinical care, in reducing unprotected sexual behavior of HIV-infected patients.

DESIGN:

A prospective clinical trial comparing the impact of a clinician-delivered intervention arm vs. a standard-of-care control arm on unprotected sexual behavior of HIV-infected patients.

SETTING:

The 2 largest HIV clinics in Connecticut.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 497 HIV-infected patients, aged > or =18 years, receiving HIV clinical care.

INTERVENTION:

HIV clinical care providers conducted brief client-centered interventions at each clinical encounter that were designed to help HIV-infected patients reduce unprotected sexual behavior.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Unprotected insertive and receptive vaginal and anal intercourse and unprotected insertive oral sex; unprotected insertive and receptive vaginal and anal intercourse only.

RESULTS:

HIV-infected patients who received the clinician-delivered intervention showed significantly reduced unprotected insertive and receptive vaginal and anal intercourse and insertive oral sex over a follow-up interval of 18 months (P < 0.05). These behaviors increased across the study interval for patients in the standard-of-care control arm (P < 0.01). For the measure of unprotected insertive and receptive vaginal and anal sex only, there was a trend toward a reduction in unprotected sex among intervention arm participants over time (P < 0.09), and a significant increase in unprotected sex in the standard-of-care control arm (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

A clinician-delivered HIV prevention intervention targeting HIV-infected patients resulted in reductions in unprotected sex. Interventions of this kind should be integrated into routine HIV clinical care.

PMID:
16340472
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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