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Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2005 Dec;230(11):787-92.

The proteomics of sickle cell disease: profiling of erythrocyte membrane proteins by 2D-DIGE and tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75083, USA.


Quantitative changes in the red blood cell membrane proteome in sickle cell disease were analyzed using the two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis 2D-DIGE technique. From over 500 analyzed two-dimensional gel spots, we found 49 protein gel spots whose content in sickle cell membranes were changed by at least 2.5-fold as compared to control cells. In 38 cases we observed an increase and in 11 cases a decrease in content in the sickle cell membranes. The proteins of interest were identified by in-gel tryptic digestion followed by liquid chromatography in line with tandem mass spectrometry. From 38 analyzed gel spots, we identified 44 protein forms representing different modifications of 22 original protein sequences. The majority of the identified proteins fall into small groups of related proteins of the following five categories: actin accessory proteins--four proteins, components of lipid rafts--two proteins, scavengers of oxygen radicals--two proteins, protein repair participants--six proteins, and protein turnover components--three proteins. The number of proteins whose content in sickle RBC membrane is decreased is noticeably smaller, and most are either components of lipid rafts or actin accessory proteins. Elevated content of protein repair participants as well as oxygen radical scavengers may reflect the increased oxidative stress observed in sickle cells.

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