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Exp Hematol. 2005 Dec;33(12):1564-73.

T-cell P/E-selectin ligand alpha(1,3)fucosylation is not required for graft-vs-host disease induction.

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  • 1Transplantation Biology Research Center, Bone Marrow Transplantation Section, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, 02129, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Recognition of E- and P-selectins on vascular endothelium by their leukocyte glycoprotein counterreceptor P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) initiates and sustains leukocyte rolling, culminating in extravasation of lymphocytes from blood into organs. PSGL-1 is rendered functional by terminal glycosylation steps, which occur mainly in activated Th1 but not Th2 cells. alpha(1,3)Fucosyltransferases IV and VII control this glycosylation pathway. Mice lacking these transferases (Fuc-TIV(-/-)/Fuc-TVII(-/-)) lack functional E- and P-selectin ligands. We hypothesized that Fuc-TIV(-/-)/Fuc-TVII(-/-) donor T cells might have reduced capacity to roll on vessels of inflamed target tissues and mediate graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We compared the ability of Fuc-TIV(-/-)/Fuc-TVII(-/-) and wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 (B6) spleen cells (SPCs) to produce GVHD in lethally irradiated major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotype-mismatched B6D2F1 recipients. Clinical GVHD, GVHD pathology in target organs, memory phenotype conversion, proliferation of donor T cells, and tissue and serum cytokine expression were examined.

RESULTS:

Surprisingly, clinical GVHD was not reduced in lethally irradiated mice receiving full haplotype MHC mismatched or matched Fuc-TIV(-/-)/Fuc-TVII(-/-) SPCs compared to those receiving WT SPCs. GVHD pathology in target organs, memory phenotype conversion, and proliferation of donor T cells were similar in both groups. However, reduced interferon-gamma was detected in liver and lung, and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha were higher in mice receiving Fuc-TIV(-/-)/Fuc-TVII(-/-) SPCs compared with WT SPCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that donor T cells, including Th1, are capable of trafficking to GVHD target tissues independently of P- and E- selectin ligand in conditioned hosts.

PMID:
16338500
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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