Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2006 Feb;9(1):89-93. Epub 2005 Dec 9.

Toward understanding the ecological functions of tropisms: interactions among and effects of light on tropisms.

Author information

  • 1Botanical Gardens, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Katano-shi, Osaka 576-0004, Japan.


Tropisms of higher plants have been investigated for well over a century. Only recently, however, we have begun to establish their mechanisms firmly, mainly thanks to the availability of mutants and genome sequence information. For example, the starch-statolith hypothesis is now best supported as the main mechanism by which plants perceive gravity direction. Phototropins have been identified as the photoreceptors for the major blue-light-sensitive phototropism. Investigations have been extended to elucidate the relationships among tropisms and the controlling roles played by environmental factors, such as light. We are now finding examples in which phototropic and hydrotropic responses are modified through the environmental control of counteracting gravitropism. We are also finding that seedlings generally become phototropically competent only after phytochrome is activated. Such results are providing insights into how plants use tropisms to achieve adaptive growth movements.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk