Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2006 Apr 1;395(1):107-15.

Mechanistic characterization of the MSDH (methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase) from Bacillus subtilis.

Author information

  • 1Maturation des ARN et Enzymologie Moléculaire, UMR 7567 CNRS-UHP, Université Henri Poincaré Nancy I, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France.


Homotetrameric MSDH (methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase) from Bacillus subtilis catalyses the NAD-dependent oxidation of MMSA (methylmalonate semialdehyde) and MSA (malonate semialdehyde) into PPCoA (propionyl-CoA) and acetyl-CoA respectively via a two-step mechanism. In the present study, a detailed mechanistic characterization of the MSDH-catalysed reaction has been carried out. The results suggest that NAD binding elicits a structural imprinting of the apoenzyme, which explains the marked lag-phase observed in the activity assay. The enzyme also exhibits a half-of-the-sites reactivity, with two subunits being active per tetramer. This result correlates well with the presence of two populations of catalytic Cys302 in both the apo- and holo-enzymes. Binding of NAD causes a decrease in reactivity of the two Cys302 residues belonging to the two active subunits and a pKapp shift from approx. 8.8 to 8.0. A study of the rate of acylation as a function of pH revealed a decrease in the pKapp of the two active Cys302 residues to approx. 5.5. Taken to-gether, these results support a sequential Cys302 activation process with a pKapp shift from approx. 8.8 in the apo-form to 8.0 in the binary complex and finally to approx. 5.5 in the ternary complex. The rate-limiting step is associated with the b-decarboxylation process which occurs on the thioacylenzyme intermediate after NADH release and before transthioesterification. These data also indicate that bicarbonate, the formation of which is enzyme-catalysed, is the end-product of the reaction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk