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Microb Ecol. 2005 Oct;50(3):337-49. Epub 2005 Nov 24.

Dynamic of virioplankton abundance and its environmental control in the Charente estuary (France).

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biologie et Environnements Marins (LBEM), FRE 2727 CNRS-Université de La Rochelle, Avenue Michel Crépeau, 17042, La Rochelle, France. jcauguet@univ-lr.fr

Abstract

The Charente River provides nutrient- and virus-rich freshwater input to the Marennes Oléron Basin, the largest oyster-producing region in Europe. To evaluate virioplankton distribution in the Charente Estuary and identify which environmental variables control dynamic of virioplankton abundance, five stations defined by a salinity gradient (0-0.5, 0.6-5, 13-17, 20-24, and higher than 30 PSU) were surveyed over a year. Viral abundance was related to bacterioplankton abundance and activities, photosynthetic pigments, nutrient concentration, and physical parameters (temperature and salinity). On a spatial scale, virus displayed a decreasing pattern seaward with abundance ranging over the sampling period from 1.4x10(7) to 20.8x10(7) viruses mL-1 making virioplankton the most abundant component of planktonic microorganisms in the Charente Estuary. A good correlation was found between viral and bacterial abundance (rs=0.85). Furthermore, bacterial abundance was the most important predictor of viral abundance explaining alone between 66% (winter) and 76% (summer) of viral variability. However, no relation existed between viral abundance and chlorophyll a. Temporal variations in viral distributions were mainly controlled by temperature through the control of bacterial dynamics. Spatial variations of viral abundance were influenced by hydrodynamic conditions especially during the winter season where virioplankton distribution was entirely driven by mixing processes.

PMID:
16328658
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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