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AIDS. 2006 Jan 2;20(1):35-40.

Clinical validation of atazanavir/ritonavir genotypic resistance score in protease inhibitor-experienced patients.

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  • 1Laboratory of Virology, Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland.



To develop a clinically relevant genotypic resistance score for boosted atazanavir (ATV) in protease inhibitor-experienced patients.


At baseline, 62 patients with HIV-1 RNA > 1000 copies/ml switched to a boosted ATV regimen (300 mg ATV, 100 mg ritonavir once daily); two were excluded from analysis at 3 months as they had undetectable plasma ATV. The impact of baseline protease mutations on virological response (> 1 log10 copies/ml plasma HIV RNA decrease) at 3 months was analysed using Fisher's exact test. Mutations with prevalence > 8% and P < 0.2 were retained. Cochran-Armitage's test was used to select the combination of mutations most strongly associated with reduced virological response. Robustness of the score was investigated using bootstrap resampling.


At 3 months, 82% of patients had a virological response and 56% had RNA < 50 copies/ml. Eight mutations (10F/I/V, 16E, 33I/F/V, 46I/L, 60E, 84V, 85V and 90M) were retained in the genotypic resistance score (P = 8.67 x 10) and virological response was observed in 100%, 100%, 80%, 42%, and 0% of patients with none, one, two, three, and four/five mutations, respectively. There was 100% response in patients with a score < 2 independently of the number of active drugs, whereas in patients with a score > or = 3 there was a gradient of response according to the number of active drugs (0%, 29% and 60% with none, one and two/three active drugs, respectively).


The occurrence of three of the eight mutations in the ATV/RTV genotypic resistance score predicted a clinically identifiable reduced response in patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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