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Cardiol Clin. 2006 Feb;24(1):135-46.

Hypertensive crisis: hypertensive emergencies and urgencies.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 South Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


Hypertensive crisis is a serious condition that is associated with end-organ damage or may result in end-organ damage if left untreated. Causes of acute rises in blood pressure include medications,noncompliance, and poorly controlled chronic hypertension. Treatment of a hypertensive crisis should be tailored to each individual based on the extent of end-organ injury and comorbid conditions. Prompt and rapid reduction of blood pressure under continuous surveillance is essential in patients who have acute end-organ damage.

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